Genetic and biochemical characterization of TRU-1, the endogenous class C β-lactamase from Aeromonas enteropelogenes
20 ноября 2020 года
12:27
Genetic and biochemical characterization of TRU-1, the endogenous class C β-lactamase from Aeromonas enteropelogenes
Текст новости:
Title: Genetic and biochemical characterization of TRU-1, the endogenous class C β-lactamase from Aeromonas enteropelogenes
Author, co-author: De Luca, F.; Giraud-Morin, C.; Rossolini, G. M.; Docquier, Jean-Denis; Fosse, T.
Abstract: Aeromonas enteropelogenes (formerly A. tructi) was described to be an ampicillin-susceptible and cephalothinresistant Aeromonas species, which suggests the production of a cephalosporinase. Strain ATCC 49803 was susceptible to amoxicillin, cefotaxime, and imipenem but resistant to cefazolin (MICs of 2, 0.032, 0.125, and >256 μg/ml, respectively) and produced an inducible β-lactamase. Cefotaxime-resistant mutants (MIC, 32 μg/ml) that showed constitutive β-lactamase production could be selected in vitro. The gene coding for the cephalosporinase of A. enteropelogenes ATCC 49803 was cloned, and its biochemical properties were investigated. Escherichia coli transformants showing resistance to various β-lactams carried a 3.5-kb plasmid insert whose sequence revealed a 1,146-bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a class C β-lactamase, named TRU-1, showing the highest identity scores with A. punctata CAV-1 (75%), A. salmonicida AmpC (75%), and A. hydrophila CepH (71%). The blaTRU-1 locus includes open reading frames (ORFs) showing significant homology with genes found in the genomes of other Aeromonas species, although it exhibits a different organization, as reflected by the presence of additional ORFs located downstream of the β-lactamase gene in the A. hydrophila and A. salmonicida genomes. Specific PCR assays were negative for cphA-like and blaOXA-12-like genes in three A. enteropelogenes ATCC strains. Purified TRU-1 showed a broad substrate profile, efficiently hydrolyzing benzylpenicillin, cephalothin, cefoxitin, and, although with significantly lower turnover rates, oxyiminocephalosporins. Cephaloridine and cefepime were poorly recognized by the enzyme, as reflected by the high K m values observed with these substrates. Thus far, A. enteropelogenes represents the only known example of an Aeromonas species that produces only one β-lactamase belonging to molecular class C. Copyright © 2010, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
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Genetic and biochemical characterization of TRU-1, the endogenous class C β-lactamase from Aeromonas enteropelogenes
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[en] Aeromonas ; Aeromonas enteropelogenes ; Aeromonas hydrophila ; Aeromonas punctata ; Aeromonas salmonicida ; Escherichia coli ; Aeromonas ; Amino Acid Sequence ; Base Sequence ; Cloning, Molecular ; DNA Primers ; DNA, Bacterial ; Drug Resistance, Bacterial ; Escherichia coli ; Genes, Bacterial ; Humans ; Kinetics ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Phylogeny ; Sequence Homology, Amino Acid ; Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid ; Transformation, Genetic
Abstract :
[en] Aeromonas enteropelogenes (formerly A. tructi) was described to be an ampicillin-susceptible and cephalothinresistant Aeromonas species, which suggests the production of a cephalosporinase. Strain ATCC 49803 was susceptible to amoxicillin, cefotaxime, and imipenem but resistant to cefazolin (MICs of 2, 0.032, 0.125, and >256 μg/ml, respectively) and produced an inducible β-lactamase. Cefotaxime-resistant mutants (MIC, 32 μg/ml) that showed constitutive β-lactamase production could be selected in vitro. The gene coding for the cephalosporinase of A. enteropelogenes ATCC 49803 was cloned, and its biochemical properties were investigated. Escherichia coli transformants showing resistance to various β-lactams carried a 3.5-kb plasmid insert whose sequence revealed a 1,146-bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a class C β-lactamase, named TRU-1, showing the highest identity scores with A. punctata CAV-1 (75%), A. salmonicida AmpC (75%), and A. hydrophila CepH (71%). The blaTRU-1 locus includes open reading frames (ORFs) showing significant homology with genes found in the genomes of other Aeromonas species, although it exhibits a different organization, as reflected by the presence of additional ORFs located downstream of the β-lactamase gene in the A. hydrophila and A. salmonicida genomes. Specific PCR assays were negative for cphA-like and blaOXA-12-like genes in three A. enteropelogenes ATCC strains. Purified TRU-1 showed a broad substrate profile, efficiently hydrolyzing benzylpenicillin, cephalothin, cefoxitin, and, although with significantly lower turnover rates, oxyiminocephalosporins. Cephaloridine and cefepime were poorly recognized by the enzyme, as reflected by the high K m values observed with these substrates. Thus far, A. enteropelogenes represents the only known example of an Aeromonas species that produces only one β-lactamase belonging to molecular class C. Copyright © 2010, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
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